:: Paracompact and Metrizable Spaces
:: by Leszek Borys
::
:: Received June 8, 1991
:: Copyright (c) 1991-2016 Association of Mizar Users
:: (Stowarzyszenie Uzytkownikow Mizara, Bialystok, Poland).
:: This code can be distributed under the GNU General Public Licence
:: version 3.0 or later, or the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike
:: License version 3.0 or later, subject to the binding interpretation
:: detailed in file COPYING.interpretation.
:: See COPYING.GPL and COPYING.CC-BY-SA for the full text of these
:: licenses, or see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html and
:: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/.
environ
vocabularies NUMBERS, METRIC_1, SUBSET_1, REAL_1, XXREAL_0, TARSKI, ARYTM_3,
XBOOLE_0, PRE_TOPC, SETFAM_1, ZFMISC_1, COMPTS_1, STRUCT_0, RCOMP_1,
FINSET_1, FINSEQ_1, RELAT_1, NAT_1, CARD_1, FUNCT_1, CARD_5, ARYTM_1,
PCOMPS_1;
notations TARSKI, XBOOLE_0, ZFMISC_1, SUBSET_1, ORDINAL1, NUMBERS, XCMPLX_0,
XXREAL_0, XREAL_0, REAL_1, TOPS_2, SETFAM_1, DOMAIN_1, STRUCT_0,
FINSET_1, COMPTS_1, PRE_TOPC, RELAT_1, FUNCT_1, FUNCT_2, BINOP_1,
FINSEQ_1, NAT_1, METRIC_1;
constructors SETFAM_1, DOMAIN_1, REAL_1, SQUARE_1, NAT_1, MEMBERED, FINSEQ_1,
TOPS_2, COMPTS_1, METRIC_1, RELSET_1, BINOP_1, BINOP_2, VALUED_0;
registrations XBOOLE_0, SUBSET_1, RELSET_1, FINSET_1, XXREAL_0, XREAL_0,
NAT_1, STRUCT_0, TOPS_1, COMPTS_1, METRIC_1, FINSEQ_1, PRE_TOPC, RELAT_1,
ORDINAL1, BINOP_2, VALUED_0;
requirements NUMERALS, REAL, BOOLE, SUBSET, ARITHM;
begin
reserve PM for MetrStruct;
reserve x,y for Element of PM;
reserve r,p,q,s,t for Real;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:1
for r, p being Real st r <= p holds Ball(x,r) c= Ball(x,p);
reserve T for TopSpace;
reserve A for Subset of T;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:2
Cl(A) <> {} iff A <> {};
reserve T for non empty TopSpace;
reserve x for Point of T;
reserve Z,X,V,W,Y,Q for Subset of T;
reserve FX for Subset-Family of T;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:3
FX is Cover of T implies for x ex W st x in W & W in FX;
reserve a for set;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:4
the topology of 1TopSp a = bool a;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:5
the carrier of 1TopSp a = a;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:6
1TopSp {a} is compact;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:7
T is T_2 implies {x} is closed;
:: Paracompact spaces
reserve x,y for Point of T;
reserve A,B for Subset of T;
reserve FX,GX for Subset-Family of T;
definition
let T be TopStruct;
let IT be Subset-Family of T;
attr IT is locally_finite means
:: PCOMPS_1:def 1
for x being Point of T ex W being
Subset of T st x in W & W is open & { V where V is Subset of T: V in IT & V
meets W } is finite;
end;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:8
for W holds { V : V in FX & V meets W} c= FX;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:9
FX c= GX & GX is locally_finite implies FX is locally_finite;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:10
FX is finite implies FX is locally_finite;
definition
let T be TopStruct, FX be Subset-Family of T;
func clf FX -> Subset-Family of T means
:: PCOMPS_1:def 2
for Z being Subset of T holds
Z in it iff ex W being Subset of T st Z = Cl W & W in FX;
end;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:11
for T being TopSpace, FX being Subset-Family of T holds clf FX is closed;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:12
for T being TopSpace, FX being Subset-Family of T st FX = {}
holds clf FX = {};
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:13
FX = { V } implies clf FX = { Cl V };
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:14
FX c= GX implies clf FX c= clf GX;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:15
clf(FX \/ GX) = (clf FX) \/ (clf GX);
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:16
FX is finite implies Cl(union FX) = union (clf FX);
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:17
FX is_finer_than clf FX;
scheme :: PCOMPS_1:sch 1
Lambda1top{T()->TopSpace, X()->Subset-Family of T(), Y()->Subset-Family of T
(), F(object)->Subset of T()}:
ex f being Function of X(),Y() st for Z being
Subset of T() st Z in X() holds f.Z = F(Z)
provided
for Z being Subset of T() st Z in X() holds F(Z) in Y();
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:18
FX is locally_finite implies clf FX is locally_finite;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:19
union FX c= union(clf FX);
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:20
FX is locally_finite implies Cl union FX = union clf FX;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:21
FX is locally_finite & FX is closed implies union FX is closed;
definition
let IT be TopStruct;
attr IT is paracompact means
:: PCOMPS_1:def 3
for FX being Subset-Family of IT st FX
is Cover of IT & FX is open ex GX being Subset-Family of IT st GX is open & GX
is Cover of IT & GX is_finer_than FX & GX is locally_finite;
end;
registration
cluster paracompact for non empty TopSpace;
end;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:22
T is compact implies T is paracompact;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:23
T is paracompact & B is closed & (for x st x in B ex V,W being
Subset of T st V is open & W is open & A c= V & x in W & V misses W) implies ex
Y,Z being Subset of T st Y is open & Z is open & A c=Y & B c= Z & Y misses Z;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:24
T is T_2 & T is paracompact implies T is regular;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:25
T is T_2 & T is paracompact implies T is normal;
:: Topological space of metric space
reserve x,y,z for Element of PM;
reserve V,W,Y for Subset of PM;
definition
let PM;
func Family_open_set(PM) -> Subset-Family of PM means
:: PCOMPS_1:def 4
for V holds V in it iff for x st x in V holds ex r st r>0 & Ball(x,r) c= V;
end;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:26
for x ex r st r>0 & Ball(x,r) c= the carrier of PM;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:27
for r being Real st PM is triangle & y in Ball(x,r) holds
ex p st p>0 & Ball(y,p) c= Ball(x,r);
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:28
PM is triangle & y in Ball(x,r) /\ Ball(z,p) implies ex q st Ball(y,q)
c= Ball(x,r) & Ball(y,q) c= Ball(z,p);
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:29
for r being Real st PM is triangle holds Ball(x,r) in
Family_open_set(PM);
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:30
the carrier of PM in Family_open_set(PM);
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:31
for V,W st V in Family_open_set(PM) & W in Family_open_set(PM)
holds V /\ W in Family_open_set(PM);
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:32
for A being Subset-Family of PM st A c= Family_open_set(PM)
holds union A in Family_open_set(PM);
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:33
TopStruct (#the carrier of PM,Family_open_set(PM)#) is TopSpace;
definition
let PM;
func TopSpaceMetr PM -> TopStruct equals
:: PCOMPS_1:def 5
TopStruct (#the carrier of PM,
Family_open_set(PM)#);
end;
registration
let PM;
cluster TopSpaceMetr PM -> strict TopSpace-like;
end;
registration
let PM be non empty MetrStruct;
cluster TopSpaceMetr PM -> non empty;
end;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:34
for PM being non empty MetrSpace holds TopSpaceMetr PM is T_2;
registration
cluster T_2 non empty strict for TopSpace;
end;
:: Metric on a set
definition
let D be set,f be Function of [:D,D:],REAL;
pred f is_metric_of D means
:: PCOMPS_1:def 6
for a,b,c be Element of D holds (f.(a,b)
= 0 iff a=b) & f.(a,b) = f.(b,a) & f.(a,c)<=f.(a,b)+f.(b,c);
end;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:35
for D being set,f being Function of [:D,D:],REAL holds f
is_metric_of D iff MetrStruct (#D,f#) is MetrSpace;
definition
let D be set, f be Function of [:D,D:],REAL;
assume
f is_metric_of D;
func SpaceMetr(D,f) -> strict MetrSpace equals
:: PCOMPS_1:def 7
MetrStruct(#D,f#);
end;
:: Metrizable topological spaces
definition
let IT be TopStruct;
attr IT is metrizable means
:: PCOMPS_1:def 8
ex f being Function of [:the carrier of IT,the
carrier of IT:],REAL st f is_metric_of (the carrier of IT) & Family_open_set(
SpaceMetr (the carrier of IT,f) ) = the topology of IT;
end;
registration
cluster strict metrizable for non empty TopSpace;
end;
theorem :: PCOMPS_1:36
for D be non empty set, f be Function of [:D,D:],REAL st f
is_metric_of D holds SpaceMetr(D,f) is non empty;